Green Technology: How Electric Vehicles (EVs) Will Push India Towards Cleaner Mobility

Vehicles contribute over 60% of Particulate POLLUTING OF THE ENVIRONMENT and over 20% of the Carbon Emissions. Clean tech & Switch to EVs may be the only way forward

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Environmental Cleanliness has two distinct and sometimes unrelated facts or dimensions. One linked to Carbon has slightly long run implications however has already been being manifested in severe climate events around the world. The other more immediate is Particulate Pollution and has already been choking cities, particularly in urban conglomerates including the NCR

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC – a global Technical body on climate change) has sounded several warnings, the most recent in its AR6 Synthesis Report: Climate Change 2022, where it has warned of “Severe climate events” with an extremely high probability. “Poor” QUALITY OF AIR days in NCR was 300 days in 2016 where in fact the AQI is higher than 200, compared to a satisfactory degree of 50. The International Labour Organisation has estimated that the mandays lost because of Pollution is maximum in India amongst all major economies. It really is no surprise that the likelihood of lung cancer in NCR is same for a smoker for a non-smoker because of Particulate Pollution. The most distressing however may be the impact of hydrocarbon Pollution on brain development of children as articulated lucidly in the study paper by UNICEF “Danger in the Air”.

Transformation Solutions

What’s required therefore are Technology solutions that could eliminate Pollution on both dimensions sector by sector, instead of incremental solutions that not merely rescind back again to the status quo but also provides perception of improvement as the reality points to the contrary direction. As the IPCC states the necessity of the hour is “Transformational solutions”.

As the data on what can cause Particulate Pollution and Carbon Emission is varied the most realistic estimates indicate Vehicles contributing over 60% of the Particulate Pollution and over 20% of the 260 billion tonnes of Carbon Emissions in India. Over 30% of the Vehicular Particulate Pollution is due to Heavy Trucks and so are most likely the single largest way to obtain Particulate Pollution in Urban conglomerates such as for example NCR. More critically the impact of Vehicular Pollution as a cause for Lung cancer, stunting brain development in kids and Simple Surviving in general is debilitating as whoever has lived in NCR for instance experiences.

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Pinpointed Solution

Having established the irrefutable linkage between Climate and Vehicular Pollution one must address several rhetorical questions. What’s one Action that may be the same as planting 500 Aravali ranges (the Aravali range constitutes about 4,00,000 trees) in say 2-3 years. What’s one Action that could lower NCR’s Particulate Pollution to “Safe” levels. What’s one Action that by its sheer Audacity could catalyse Action in other sectors. And All of this while funnelling in stakeholders organically by inherent economic incentives in the Approach.

The discussion on adoption of Electric vehicles in India has inadvertently focussed on cars and two wheelers. The challenges of charging infrastructure and the supply led restrictions for ICE have already been major impediments as the debate has truly gone back and forth without the tangible change on the floor. Imagine if the Approach is fired up its head and a Demand Pull Approach is implemented.

Affordability

The Economics of shopping for and operating the single largest Polluter, a Truck, is governed solely by commercial factors. The price per km of a power Truck is 1 / 4 to 1 fifth of a Diesel Truck which has been more developed in commercial operations. The Income are therefore 4-5 times higher for anElectric in comparison to Diesel. The excess Capital cost of Electric shaves off hardly 10-15% of the enhanced Income. More than50% of that time period, Heavy Duty Trucks operate on concentrated routes and for that reason charging infrastructure is infinitely better to install when compared to distributed charging infrastructure for cars and two wheelers. Charging time of sub 1 hour are eminently easy for the biggest of Trucks with ranges of over 300 kms. In the majority of Heavy Commercial Vehicle usage for Medium Haul Logistics, there is absolutely no effect on usage whatsoever as idling time of truck because of no entry restrictions is a lot a lot more than the charging time. Critically the economic incentive of income in Electric which are many times that of Diesel will result in a Demand led surge of adoption of Electric, way more due to the business using these stakeholders instead of personal usage in the event of cars and two wheelers. This alone would lower say NCR Particulate Pollution to safe levels and will be the equivalent of planting 500 Aravali ranges in NCR alone. The Charging infrastructure for these concentrated routes already are being setup and Heavy trucks already are commercially being operated on these routes and there are concrete plans for more routes as word spreads and there’s a strong Demand pull from existing Diesel Truck owners to change to Electric.

Such a Technological transformational solutions not merely cleans up the air and restore the lungs in a single Innovative swoop but also catalyse other sectors to Innovate and implement such solutions instead of the incremental Approach now which generally rescinds back again to the status quo of causing lung cancer and impacting kids brain development or just choking resid